Is Online Poker Legal In India

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Online poker has gained immense popularity in recent years, and India is no exception. With the increase in internet usage and advancements in technology, more and more Indians are turning to online poker for entertainment and even as a source of income. However, the legality of online poker in India has always been a topic of debate and confusion. While some argue that it falls under the category of gambling and therefore illegal, others claim that it is a game of skill and should be considered legal.

Legal Framework Surrounding Online Poker in India

India has a complex legal framework when it comes to gambling laws. The Public Gambling Act of 1867 is the primary legislation governing gambling in India, which was enacted during British colonial rule. This act prohibits any form of gambling activities in public places and makes it punishable by law. However, the act does not mention anything about online gambling, as it did not exist at the time of its enactment.

In addition to the Public Gambling Act, each state in India has its own set of laws and regulations pertaining to gambling. Some states have completely banned all forms of gambling, including online gambling, while others have allowed it with certain restrictions. The lack of a uniform central legislation on gambling has led to different interpretations and implementations of the laws across the country.

Understanding the Public Gambling Act for Online Poker

As mentioned earlier, the Public Gambling Act of 1867 prohibits gambling in public places but does not specifically mention online gambling. Many argue that since there is no mention of online gambling in the act, it is not applicable to online poker. However, the wording of the act is broad and ambiguous, leaving room for interpretation.

One of the key aspects of the act is the definition of gambling, which is “the act of placing a bet or wager on any event, the outcome of which is uncertain.” This definition can be applied to all forms of gambling, including online poker. However, the act also makes a distinction between games of skill and games of chance. Games of skill are exempt from the act, and this has been the basis for many arguments in favor of the legality of online poker.

Specific regulations and restrictions for online Poker

As mentioned earlier, each state in India has its own set of laws and regulations when it comes to gambling. While some states have legalized and regulated online poker, others have completely banned it. Let’s take a look at some of the states and their stance on online poker.


Goa is one of the most popular tourist destinations in India and is also known as the gambling capital of the country. In 2016, the Goa government passed the Goa, Daman and Diu Public Gambling Act, which allowed casinos to operate in specific designated areas. This Act does not mention anything about online gambling, but the state government has explicitly stated that online gambling is illegal in Goa.


Sikkim became the first state in India to legalize online gambling in 2009. The Sikkim Online Gaming (Regulation) Act was enacted to regulate and license online gambling within the state. This Act covers various forms of online gambling, including poker, but only allows residents of Sikkim to participate. Non-residents are not allowed to access these sites, making it a relatively small market for online poker.


Nagaland is another state that has legalized online gambling through the Nagaland Prohibition of Gambling and Promotion and Regulation of Online Games of Skill Act, 2016. This Act specifically mentions that games of skill will not be considered as gambling and therefore exempt from the Public Gambling Act. This has led to a surge in the number of online poker sites operating in Nagaland.

Telangana and Andhra Pradesh

Telangana and Andhra Pradesh are two states that have completely banned all forms of gambling, including online gambling. The Andhra Pradesh Gaming Act of 1974 prohibits any form of gambling, and the state government has also taken strict measures to block access to online gambling sites.

Role of the Supreme Court in Shaping Online Poker Legality

The Supreme Court of India has had a significant impact on the legality of online poker in the country. In 1957, the court ruled that rummy is a game of skill and therefore exempt from the Public Gambling Act. This ruling has been used as a precedent in many cases involving games of skill, including online poker.

Legitimate Online Poker Platforms Operating Legally in India

Despite the complex and often ambiguous legal framework surrounding online poker in India, there are several legitimate online poker platforms operating legally in the country. These platforms have obtained licenses from the respective state governments and adhere to all the necessary regulations and guidelines. Some popular online poker platforms operating in India include Adda52, Spartan Poker, PokerBaazi, and PokerStars India.

Determine the legitimacy of online Poker sites

If you are an Indian resident who wishes to play online poker, it is crucial to consider certain factors before signing up on a website. These considerations will help you determine the legality and legitimacy of the site and ensure that you are not breaking any laws.

License and Regulation

The first and most important factor to consider is whether the online poker platform has obtained a license from the state government. As mentioned earlier, some states in India have legalized and regulated online gambling, and sites operating in those states need to obtain a license to operate legally.

Geographical Restrictions

Some online poker sites may only allow players from specific states to participate, while others may restrict access to non-residents of India. Make sure to check the terms and conditions of the site to ensure that you are eligible to play.

Payment Methods and Currency

Since online gambling is still a grey area in India, many banks may refuse to process payments related to online poker. It is important to check the payment methods available on the site and ensure that they are safe and reliable.

Common Myths and Misconceptions about Online Poker Legality in India

Throughout the years, there have been several myths and misconceptions surrounding the legality of online poker in India. Let’s debunk some of the most common ones.

Online Poker is Illegal in India

This is perhaps the most prevalent myth surrounding online poker in India. While online poker is illegal in some states, it is entirely legal and regulated in others.

Playing Online Poker is a Criminal Offense

Many people believe that playing online poker is a criminal offense and can lead to imprisonment. However, this is not true. Although certain states maintain stringent anti-gambling legislation, none explicitly criminalize the act of engaging in online poker.

You Can Get Away with Not Paying Taxes on Your Winnings

However, this is not true. Any income earned through gambling, whether online or offline, is subject to taxation and must be reported to the authorities.

Future Prospects and Potential Developments in Online Poker Regulation

The legal framework governing online poker in India is dynamic, with ongoing discussions about potential centralized legislation to oversee the sector. In 2019, the Law Commission of India proposed regulating and taxing gambling activities, including online gaming. This development has sparked optimism among online poker stakeholders, as they anticipate that standardized regulations will enhance clarity and transparency across the industry.

However, there are also concerns about over-regulation, which could stifle the growth of the industry. It is vital for the government to strike a balance between regulating the industry and allowing it to flourish.

Responsible Gambling and Legal Compliance in Online Poker

While the debate about the legality of online poker continues, it is essential to emphasize responsible gambling and legal compliance. Online poker, like any other form of gambling, can become addictive, and players must exercise caution and play responsibly.

It is also crucial for online poker sites to comply with all necessary guidelines and regulations to operate legally. This includes obtaining licenses, paying taxes, and preventing minors from accessing their sites.


In conclusion, the legality of online poker in India is a complex issue that is still evolving. While definitive laws pertaining to online poker remain elusive, it can be inferred that the game does not fall entirely within the realm of illegality. The Public Gambling Act of 1867, alongside varying state regulations, has resulted in divergent interpretations and applications of the law. Consequently, determining the precise legal status of online poker in India proves challenging.